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11 July 2023 10h55
Source: Banco Carregosa

Investing in shares: 7 tips before you start

Find out what you need to know before you start investing in shares with these essential tips.


Investing in shares: 7 tips before you start

Find out what you need to know before you start investing in shares with these essential tips.


Investing in shares is a way of increasing the value of your assets and generating financial returns over time. However, it is important to be informed and have a well-defined investment strategy in place. If you are considering investing in shares, here are 7 tips to keep in mind before you start.


1. Do your research before you invest in shares

Before investing in shares, carry out a thorough research on the stocks that interest you. Resist the temptation to make decisions on the spur of the moment or to act on superficial, trendy opinions. Analyse the fundamentals of the company in which you are investing, such as its business model, its competitive position and its prospects for the future.

You should also consider the stability of the sector in which the company operates and the macroeconomic events that may affect its performance. The more information you have, the better your investment decisions. This step will provide you with a solid foundation on which to build a more efficient investment portfolio and will help to reduce the risks associated with investing in shares.


2. Diversify your investment portfolio

Diversification is one of the key risk management strategies when investing in shares. By spreading your capital across a number of different companies and sectors, preferably with little or no correlation between them, you can reduce your exposure to any particular risk. This way, if one stock underperforms, the other stocks in the portfolio can offset the loss. Bear in mind, however, that diversifying does not guarantee profits or total protection against losses, but helps to reduce the impact of a single adverse event.

Diversifying your portfolio also allows you to take advantage of different investment opportunities. Each sector and asset class will perform differently over time. This tip will help you achieve a more stable and consistent approach to your financial goals.


3. Have an investment strategy

Before you start investing in shares, it is important to have a clear investment strategy. Define what your financial goals are in the short and long term. This could be preparing for retirement, buying a home, funding your children's education or achieving some other financial goal. Decide how much you are prepared to invest and set a realistic time horizon for achieving your goals.

Clearly defined strategy helps to focus your investment efforts and ensure consistent decisions, aligned with your goals. It will also help you to maintain focus and discipline in times of uncertainty and to avoid impulsive, emotional reactions, because the process will be built on a solid foundation.


4. Invest for the long term

Investing in shares is best suited to long-term goals. While it may be tempting to look for quick gains, the reality is that financial markets tend to have short-term highs and lows, but historically tend towards a long-term trend of growth. So by investing for the long term, you have the opportunity to benefit from this growth over the course of years and decades.

Investing for the long term is also an effective way to take advantage of compounding returns. This occurs when you reinvest the returns from your investments, allowing the gains to generate new gains over time. The longer the horizon, the greater the potential to grow.


5. Assess your risk tolerance

All investments involve risk. The stock market is volatile and its value can fluctuate significantly from day to day. It is important to be aware that these fluctuations are normal and part of the investment process. Therefore, before investing, it is important to assess your risk tolerance and your emotional, financial and mental capacity to deal with uncertainty and possible losses. By understanding the risks involved, you can make more informed and disciplined investment decisions that suit your profile.

For example, investors with a high risk tolerance may feel comfortable taking on more risk to try to achieve higher returns, while investors with a low risk tolerance may prefer a more conservative approach to protect their capital. Understanding your risk tolerance is the key to determining the proportion of high-risk assets (such as shares) and the proportion of other, more conservative assets that you should include in your portfolio.


6. Monitor your investments

It is important to regularly monitor the performance of the companies in which you have invested and the market environment. Keep up to date with news, corporate events, quarterly results and industry developments. This information can help you make more informed, timely and up-to-date investment decisions. For example, if a particular asset outperforms or underperforms, you can take steps to adjust your asset allocation by selling or buying more assets.

However, it is also important to avoid over-monitoring, which can lead to rash decisions. Constant monitoring can be a source of anxiety and stress, which can impair an investor's ability to analyse the situation. You can avoid making emotional decisions and focus on broader financial goals by establishing a consistent monitoring routine and trusting your long-term strategy.


7. Seek expert guidance

Investing in shares requires a high level of expertise. Even if you have some experience of the market, a qualified financial adviser or investment manager can help to develop a strategy that is tailored to your objectives, risk tolerance and time horizon. They can also provide market analyses, investment research, and ongoing monitoring to help you make informed decisions. Expert advice is essential for identifying investment opportunities, rebalance portfolios and making strategic adjustments to ensure the plan is in line with changing objectives and markets.

Banco Carregosa’s team of experts has several decades of experience and a thorough knowledge of the different types of investments, financial products and market trends. By seeking expert advice, you will be able to benefit from our experience and knowledge and have a personalised investment strategy.


Banco Carregosa, protecting your investments since 1833

Investing in shares involves risks, which is why it is important to consult qualified professionals. With Banco Carregosa, you can make more informed decisions, maximise the growth potential of your portfolio and achieve your financial goals more effectively. You can rely on the expert advice of our team and be confident that your assets are being protected.